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不只「神戶製鋼」造假出紕漏!日本汽車產業還有這些問題沒解決!

10 月 8 日當天日本最大鋼鐵廠「神戶製鋼所」坦承,旗下生產的鋁板、鋁擠壓製品、銅條、銅管以及鋁鑄造鍛造等產品,強度和耐久度並未達到客戶要求,但卻竄改合格數據出貨給廠商。醜聞爆發後再次衝擊日本汽車產業,加上近年接二連三的問題,讓人不經質疑過往品質保證的日本製造,到底出了什麼問題?

日本第二大車廠 Nissan 在今年 9 月底承認,因為讓沒有符合原廠規範檢驗師,進行新車出廠後的最後一個檢查項目,使 Nissan 汽車必須大量召回已經出廠的新車重新檢驗。影響範圍不僅高達 111.6 萬輛車,更範圍擴及其他 OEM 車廠,如三菱、Mazda、Suzuki、ISUZU 等,甚至還有知名的 GT-R 跑車。

去年 4 月日本三菱(Mitsubishi)汽車爆發長達 25 年的油耗數據造假,以更改胎壓、車輛空氣力學等測試數據,讓新車油耗比實際公布高出 5 至 10%,使車輛的節能表現更亮眼。這事件也讓當時三菱社長相川哲郎、副社長中尾龍吾引咎辭職,並賠償每位車主 3 萬至 10 萬日圓(約 8,100 至 2.7 萬台幣)不等的賠償金。

汽車工業史上最大的召回事件,來自日本汽車零部件製造商高田(Takata)生產的氣囊作動元件出現問題,內含的硝酸銨化合物可能會因時間變得不穩定,導致氣囊無預警啟動,並造成內容物碎片飛散,使人員受傷甚至死亡。這事件不僅要召回 1.2 億輛車更換零件,也使高田(Takata)在今年 6 月底申請破產。

本文同步刊登於《自由時報汽車頻道


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